Research

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The American Fitness Index, published by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and the Anthem Foundation, was released this week. The ACSM/Anthem Fitness Index evaluates America’s 100 largest cities using 33 health behaviors, chronic diseases and community infrastructure indicators. The American Fitness Index is used as an assessment and evaluation tool to educate community leaders on the importance of key indicators of physical activity. Access the report here.

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In 2016, youth e-cigarette use was substantially higher than cigarette smoking or use of any other tobacco product. The Center for Tobacco Products of the Food and Drug Administration requested that the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convene a committee of experts to conduct a review the available evidence of the health effects related to the use of e-cigarettes and identify future federally funded research needs. The resulting report is a comprehensive and systematic review of the literature that evaluates the evidence about e-cigarettes and health, highlights gaps that are a priority for future research, and makes recommendations to improve the quality of this research.

Access the report here.

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Sustainability in the context of diet is not a new issue. The challenge is how to turn today’s more complex, nuanced definition of sustainability into a feasible reality.

This particularly difficult for those living in low- and middle-income contexts and in countries where tremendous inequalities force policy makers to make difficult decisions about what to prioritize. The rapid demographic transition underway worldwide, with increasing wealth, urbanization, and other factors driving a growing demand for meat also contributes to the challenge of sustainability.

Click here to read more in a report of the proceedings from the 2018 Food Forum of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

 

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Obesity and overweight pose significant challenges to the armed forces in the United States, affecting service members (including active duty, guard, and reserve components), veterans, retirees, and their families and communities. The consequences of obesity and overweight in the armed forces influence various aspects of their operations that are critical to national security, including recruitment, retention, resilience, readiness, and retirement.

This resource examines how obesity and overweight are measured in the armed forces and how they affect recruitment, retention, resilience, and readiness; discussed service-specific issues related to these problems and highlighted innovative strategies to address them through improved nutrition, physical activity, and stress management; and offered perspectives from outside of the armed forces on approaches to prevent and treat obesity. It also discusses the challenges and opportunities related to overcoming the concerns posed by obesity and overweight in the armed forces, military families, and their communities, including potential cross-sector opportunities.

Click here to read the publication for free.

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The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is pleased to announce the release of a new tobacco control monograph, “A Socioecological Approach to Addressing Tobacco-Related Health Disparities.”

As this monograph explains, tobacco use contributes substantially to disparities in the burden of cancer by race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and other demographic factors. A central challenge for the nation’s cancer control efforts is to ensure that all Americans benefit from advances in tobacco control research and practice.

>>Learn more and download the report here.

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In this study published in 2016 in Public Health Reports, researchers estimated changes in smoking prevalence based on simulations of three different price scenarios, and found that states that currently have the lowest excise taxes and highest smoking prevalence would experience the greatest decreases in smoking rates. See the full publication for state-by-state estimates, including estimates for Oklahoma.

>>Learn more

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