Research

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A Cochrane Review on the health impacts of legislative smoking bans (last updated Feb 2015) found evidence that “countries and their populations benefit from improved health after introducing smoking bans, importantly to do with the heart and blood vessels.” The review also found evidence that smoking bans were associated with reduced deaths.

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Study published in BMJ Open that explores the impact of graphic cigarette labels with physical harm images on members of American Indian/Alaska Native communities. The researchers found after viewing graphic warning labels participants rated their likelihood of talking about smoking risks to friends, parents and siblings compared to talking to teachers and doctors.

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“Tobacco products are sold in approximately 375,000 US retail outlets, including convenience stores and pharmacies, which often sell energy-dense, low-nutrient foods and beverages. The Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) increased authority over tobacco product sales and marketing, combined with declining smoking rates, provides an opportunity to transition tobacco retailers toward healthier retail environments. The objective of this article is to describe the potential for interdisciplinary efforts to transition retailers away from selling and promoting tobacco products and toward creating retail environments that promote healthful eating and active living.”

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A new brief from Healthy Eating Research looks at how food, beverage, restaurant, and entertainment companies have used brand mascots and cartoon media characters to influence children’s diet and health. It also highlights the need to improve the responsible use of mascots and media characters to promote only healthy products to children ages 14 and younger.

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The articles within the special supplement examine factors behind the disparities in tobacco initiation, current use, and cessation between African Americans and whites. The articles address both youth and adult use; and address use of conventional cigarettes and other tobacco products, as well as marijuana. They examine how patterns of tobacco use among African Americans compare with other population subgroups and the US population as whole; the implications of those patterns for African Americans in terms of health effects and disease outcomes; whether different kinds of interventions are warranted, and if so, what types.

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The systematic review examines the impact of school-based standing desk interventions on sedentary behavior and physical activity, health-related outcomes, and academic and behavioral outcomes in school-aged children.

This initial evidence from the study found that standing desks have the potential to reduce sitting time and increase standing time among elementary school children.

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This study funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) examines the influence of sugar-sweetened beverage warning labels.

The study concluded that “health warning labels may reduce parents’ perception of the healthfulness of sugar-sweetened beverages” and “the labels may increase parents’ understanding of their child’s risk of weight gain, heart disease and diabetes from consuming these drinks.”

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